Bibiana Tuazon

In April 1938, the Sakdalista women formed the Samahang Makabayan ng mga Babaing Pilipina (Patriotic League of the Filipino Women) was established, noted to be possibly the only women’s organization focused on national welfare and freedom. For this group, the traditional motherly and domestic role of a woman did not contradict the fight for independence. However, they believed that there should not be any discrimination between men and women. Bibiana Tuazon was an example of the Sakdalistas’ conservative views on women. She was described to be demure and modest ‘like a Japanese woman’ according to her Corps Leader, Capt. Junsuke Hitomi, when she had joined the Japanese Propaganda Corps during World War II, and she believed Filipinas must fulfill their traditional roles and shed Western influences. Despite this, during her role as secretary and treasurer of the Samahang Makabayan, she was a regular contributor to The Filipino Freedom and wrote ‘Gumising Ka, Bayan’ which advocated for the nation to rise against their enslavers and join the Sakdalista movement (Terami-Wada, 2014). Tuazon provides a different perspective on the role of Philippine women in the fight for independence, broadening the scope of female heroism for the future.